Veterinary Questions

Advice and guidance for vets and farmers

Animal Health Plan

A farm health plan is a working document which outlines the health strategy for your stock. Click here to find out how to write one.

Antibiotics in Agriculture

With the advent of antibiotic resistance and the emergence of so-called ‘super bugs’ we need to use antibiotics more effectively to prolong their efficacy


Biosecurity minimises the risk of disease causing agents entering or leaving any place where farm animals are held


Vaccination is used to create an immune response and can protect animals from disease

Welfare Assessment

Assessing farm animal welfare


Zoonotic diseases are those diseases that can transfer between (vertebrate) animals to humans, and vice versa
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  • Livestock should be land-based and integrated with farm cropping enterprises
  • Animals should be provided with conditions that enable them to exhibit natural behaviours
  • Dependency on veterinary medicines should be reduced without jeopardising the well-being of animals


outdoor access

Animals having outdoor access, shade, shelter, lighting and sufficient space for them to undertake free movement and to exhibit natural behaviors.


Using breeds and strains well-suited and adapted to the prevailing conditions.

Health Plan

Implementing herd and flock planning based on sound ecological practices and epidemiological knowledge.


Undertaking good practice with regard to biosecurity.

closed herds

Maintaining animals in closed herds and flocks and at stocking rates that enables free-movement, reduces risks of disease spread and minimises environmental damage.

forage and grazing

Forage and grazing being the main source of nutrients for ruminants, and continuously available to non-ruminants.

production practices

Avoiding the use of mutilations as standard production practices.


Improved understanding and responsible usage of veterinary medicines.